Added: Nafeesa Hartman - Date: 02.02.2022 00:07 - Views: 15592 - Clicks: 3913
Palau is a destination country for women subjected to sex trafficking and for women and men subjected to forced labor.
Filipino, Chinese, and Korean men and women pay thousands of dollars in recruitment fees and willingly migrate to Palau for jobs in domestic service, agriculture, restaurants, or construction. Upon arrival, some are forced to work in conditions substantially different from what had been presented in contracts or recruitment offers, and some become trafficking victims.
Women from China and the Philippines are recruited to work in Palau as waitresses or clerks, but some are subsequently forced into prostitution in karaoke bars or massage parlors—many operated by Taiwanese, Filipino, or Palauan nationals. Foreign workers on fishing boats in Palau waters experience conditions indicative of human trafficking. Regulations that make it extremely difficult for foreign workers to change employers once they arrive in Palau place foreign workers at increased risk of involuntary servitude and debt bondage.
Official complicity plays a ificant role in facilitating trafficking; government officials—including a governor, a police officer, a labor official, and an immigration official—have been investigated for complicity in trafficking crimes. The Government of Palau does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking; however, it is making ificant efforts to do so. Inthe government initiated two investigations of suspected sex trafficking, identified 20 potential victims, and convicted one former labor official of misconduct that facilitated trafficking.
Prosecutors charged all suspected traffickers, including allegedly complicit officials, with lesser crimes; there were no prosecutions or convictions for trafficking offenses. The government did not provide shelter or other forms of protection to identified victims, nor did it refer victims to other organizations to receive such support. The government failed to reconvene the anti-trafficking working group disbanded during the reporting period. The government continued to investigate possible sex trafficking crimes, but failed to apply its anti-trafficking law to prosecute or convict any traffickers.
The government prosecuted all suspected traffickers for labor violations or prostitution-related offenses instead of trafficking crimes that carry more severe penalties; offenders convicted under these other statutes received probation or nominal prison sentences. There were no prosecutions or convictions under human trafficking laws in The government investigated two cases of prostitution that may have involved human trafficking.
Authorities continued prosecutions of four foreign nationals for prostitution-related violations in a December sex trafficking case and obtained one conviction; one defendant, permitted to travel to his home country during the reporting period, remained abroad.
A Palauan police officer in this case was charged with labor violations. Suspected trafficking cases were often alleged to involve complicit officials; inthe government convicted one labor official for misconduct that contributed to foreign nationals becoming trafficking victims in Palau. In the same case, three prosecutions for prostitution-related crimes remained ongoing.
The government investigated a labor recruiter for labor trafficking violations; it did not provide an update on a complaint filed in about working conditions that could be indicative of forced labor. The government made limited efforts to identify victims and negligible efforts to protect victims. Inthe government identified 20 potential sex trafficking victims.
Identified victims were given access to a government counselor. The government did not fund or provide any additional protective services for victims, nor did it report whether any victims received shelter or support from other entities.
Although several trafficking-related convictions in included fines or asset forfeiture, none of these funds were used to support victims. The government did not train officers to proactively identify victims among vulnerable populations, such as foreign workers or women in prostitution. The government did not provide witness protection, and it did not formally investigate and prosecute threats against trafficking victims.
NGOs report victims are sometimes detained, fined, or jailed for unlawful acts committed as a result of being subjected to trafficking. The government decreased efforts to prevent trafficking. It did not reconstitute the anti-trafficking working group dissolved during the reporting period.
The government neither developed a national action plan against trafficking nor conducted educational or anti-trafficking public awareness campaigns. The government did not provide anti-trafficking training to its diplomatic personnel. The government made no discernible effort to decrease the demand for commercial sex acts or forced labor. Search Input. Jump to In This Section. PALAU: Tier 2 Palau is a destination country for women subjected to sex trafficking and for women and men subjected to forced labor.
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